A healthy canvas to create a masterpiece with natural make-up
By Angela Seelig (Bachelor Nutrition and Dietetics; Diploma Beauty Therapy), Healthy Life Kippa-Ring QLD
The skin is the largest organ in the human body. Comprised of two layers, the outer epidermis and inner dermis, it’s main role is to provide the first line of defence against invading pathogens, chemicals and other nasties. Cells of the epidermis continually renew taking around four weeks to make their way from the base to the outer most layer where they are shed. The second layer of the skin, the dermis contains collagen which provides structure and strength along with elastin which gives the skin its flexibility and allows it to keep its shape. Blood vessels that supply nutrients to the skin are also located here.
How to create a base for perfect make-up
Always use products that are suited to your skin type. If you are unsure what skin type you have, the staff at Healthy Life are happy to assist. Start with cleanser and remove make-up thoroughly with warm not hot water. Follow with a toner to ensure all residue of cleanser is removed and the skin is balanced and prepped for moisturiser. If you are using an eye cream or skin serum apply these next followed by a moisturiser. To keep you skin in top condition exfoliate once per week and follow with a suitable mask before toning and applying moisturiser. Always let your moisturiser settle before applying make up and for an extra smooth surface use a skin primer after your moisturiser and before make up.
Skin care through the ages
As we age our skin goes through many changes including reduction in collagen and loss of elasticity leading to increased fragility and laxity. The delivery of nutrients to the skin via the blood also decreases and redness or broken capillaries may appear as these vessels become more fragile. The rate at which our skin cells renew and shed also slows which can lead to a dull and dry looking complexion.
The teen years
Now is the time to get into a good skin care habit. It is important during this stage of life to keep the skin clean and support the balance of oil secretions. During puberty hormonal changes can lead to an increase in oiliness and blemishes. The glands in the skin that create the oily substance which forms an important part of the the protective function of the skin, become overactive leading to the increased oiliness often associated with the teen years. This can lead to open or blocked pores and blemishes such as black heads or pimples. Take care of oily, blemish prone skin by washing it twice a day and using products designed for this skin type.
Ingredients to look for: calendula, salicylic acid, manuka oil, cucumber, burdock root, echinacea, kaolin and witch hazel.
20’s and 30’s
By this stage the oiliness of your teens will most likely be starting to resolve and you may need to change the type of products you are using. If your skin is no longer oily and breakouts are starting to reduce it may be time to move to products that are designed for a normal to dry skin. If you wear make up remove it first with a make up remover or cleanse your skin twice, never go to bed without removing make up or you may pay for it with a nasty blemish in the morning. Now is the perfect time to add an eye cream to your routine to help prevent the appearance of fine lines in this delicate area.
Ingredients to look for: jojoba oil, green tea, baobab, pomegranate, nettle, evening primrose and iris.
40’s, 50’s and beyond
Loss of collagen is now beginning to show and the skin may be looking a little less firm than it used to, and there may pigmentation or broken capillaries. If you have been taking care of your skin through the earlier years you may be keeping some of these at bay. If, however, your skin in showing your age it’s never too late to start taking better care of it. Now is the time to go for products that fight ageing, reduce the appearance of fine lines and even the skin tone. The skin is now more fragile and prone to dryness so go for products that deeply hydrate and repair.
Ingredients to look for: marine collagen, rosehip oil, jojoba oil, silk amino acids, retinol (vitamin A), pomegranate, CoQ10 and hyaluronic acid.
Nutrition and the skin
Adequate nutrition is essential to a healthy skin. Scientific studies have shown that diets rich in certain foods such as fruits, vegetables, wholegrains, nuts, seeds and vegetable oils lead to less photo-ageing and skin wrinkling.
Foods rich in antioxidants are your skins best friend. Antioxidants are chemicals found in food that neutralise the damage caused by free radicals. Formed by normal body processes, environmental pollution and UV radiation, free radicals accelerate the aging process. Antioxidants include Vitamins A, E, C, beta-carotene, zinc and selenium.
Foods to include: dark leafy greens, berries, sweet potato, red peppers, carrots.
Fatty acids are essential to maintain a soft, supple complexion as every cell that forms the skin is wrapped in a protective fatty layer which keeps the skin flexible and provides a waterproof barrier. If this layer is lacking the skin can become dry and cracked worsening the appearance of lines and wrinkles.
Foods to include: oily fish, avocado, nuts, seeds and flaxseed oil.
Nutrients necessary for collagen and elastin production include vitamin C and the trace minerals copper and manganese. Protein is also important for collagen formation especially the amino acid lysine.
Foods to include: dark leafy greens, strawberries, kiwi fruit, wholegrains, nuts, seeds, red meat and soy.
Preventing break outs
Breakouts can be caused by a number of things including hormones, incorrect skin care, stress or diet. To tackle breakouts from within try using a supplement that targets hormone balance or nutrients that are essential to heal the skin such as zinc or vitamin C and reduce intake of processed foods. Manage stress with exercise, meditation, yoga and supplements such as a B complex or magnesium.
Managing dryness and irritation
Often caused by environmental conditions such as wind, air conditioning or heat, dry skin can age faster and look dull and lifeless. Using incorrect skin care for your skin type or products that strip the skins natural oils can also lead to excessive dryness and irritation. Try supplements that provide fatty acids such as fish oil or flaxseed oil.
Benefits of natural skin care and make up
By choosing natural skin care and natural make up you avoid the dangers of toxic chemicals and fillers that can cause redness, irritation, dryness, clogged pores and rashes just to name a few. Look for products that are free from Parabens, SLS, PEG, Phthalates, mineral oil, artificial fragrances and of course, are cruelty free.